Triptans effect in migraine may result, at least in part, from their ability to inhibit nitric oxide production.
5-HT(1B/1D) serotonin receptor agonist attenuates nitroglycerin-evoked nitric oxide synthase expression in trigeminal pathway.
Summary of the abstract
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of 5-HT(1B/1D) receptor activation on nitroglycerin (NTG)-induced cerebral hyperaemia and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) expression in trigeminovascular neurones.
The results showed that pretreatment with sumatriptan could significantly shorten the period of NTG-induced cerebral hyperaemia without compromising the magnitude of hyperaemic peak. Sumatriptan pretreatment also attenuated the NTG-evoked expression of nNOS in all studied areas. Based on these findings, we suggest that 5-HT(1B/1D) receptor has an important role in stabilizing the trigeminovascular system by attenuating the expression of nNOS enzyme, hence reducing nitric oxide production.